How many Franciacorta have you tried?
You drank it, and loved it, but how much do you know about what it is and where it comes from?
Franciacorta much like Barolo and Chianti is both a denomination and a specific area in Italy. In this blog post we explore both the land and the wines that make this sparkling wine Italy's true champion of bubbles!
The name Franciacorta appeared for the first time in 1277 in reference to curtes francae, a tax and duty free trade zone. This territory measures approximately 200 square kilometers and it is formed by gentle rolling hills lying between the southern shore of Lake Iseo and the city of Brescia in the region of Lombardy, only about an hour from Milan.
The weather in Franciacorta is constant and mild due to its location south of the foothills of the Alps and the mitigating presence of large lakes. The land containing gravel and sand over limestone, drains well and therefore it is ideal for the cultivation of grapes. Furthermore, Franciacorta area’s morainic origin gives to the soil an extraordinarily rich and variegated mineral content.
Italy is a world leader in organic farming and Franciacorta is aiming to become Europe’s first 100 percent organic appellation.
Sparkling wines that are produced from grapes grown within the boundaries of the territory of Franciacorta are called Franciacorta as well. These finest sparkling wines are made using the champenoise or traditional method (the secondary fermentation takes place in the bottle) and are certified DOCG.
What does DOCG mean?
DOCG stand for Denominazione di Origine Controllata e Garantita. Seeing this on the label of your wine bottle means that the wine producers followed very strict guidelines to make that wine. There are currently only a small number of Italian wines that qualify for DOCG status.
For example, Nonvintage Franciacorta (NV) cannot be released until at least 25 months after harvest, of which 18 months must be in contact with the yeast in the bottle (compared to 15 months in the case of Champagne). Franciacorta Vintage or Millesimato may not be sold until at least 37 months after harvest, of which 30 months must take place in the bottle as secondary fermentation.
Franciacorta Saten is a peculiarity unique to this region. Only the use of Chardonnay and/or Pinot bianco is permitted, with only 4.5 atmospheres of pressure instead of 6, resulting in a creamier finer perlage.
Your Bollicine Team has selected three special Franciacorta Saten for you:
Among the most respected and well known wine producers of Franciacorta sparklings in Italy there are Berlucchi, Ca’ Del Bosco, Monte Rossa and the first organic grower and wine maker in Franciacorta, Barone Pizzini.